Medicine

Source : 
King Khalid University, Media Center.

A research team from the Faculty of Medicine at King Khalid University managed to diagnose and treat a severe pneumonia in a 4 year old child. X-rays that have been imaged to the patient showed he was suffering from severe pneumonia which was caused by a rare fungus. It was the first case to be found in Saudi Arabia, and in deed in the Middle East.

The medical team that diagnosed and treated the case included Dr. Martin Joseph, Dr. Ali Mohammed Sohail, Dr. Ahmed bin Mohammed Hakami, Dr. Mohamed Hamed - from the University Faculty of Medicine, as well as Dr. Ibrahim Zeid - from the Department of Pediatrics of Asir Central Hospital. The team managed to isolate and recognize rare fungus found in the specimens leak from the patient. X-ray result of the patient showed the presence of severe pneumonia with a blur in his right brow costal corner, and after examination and treatment, there was remarkable recovery of the patient's natural lung size.

The medical team has faced great difficulties in identifying the microbe through microscopic, virtual, and routine examinations, but thanks to the analysis of the DNA sequences in areas 1 and 2 (D1 / D2) of ribosomal DNA, and internal buffer zone (ITS) - private fungal were classified as the microbe with Tilletiopsis minor - which is rare and the second of its kind after one case in humans was discovered in the United States in 1997.

Due to the lack of the case's response to the antibacterial medications (vancomycin and Mirobenem), and after the diagnosis emphasized the existence of fungus, medications were replaced by the use of Amphotericin B. After that Voriconazole (liposomal) was added in the vein in order to control any onset of infection. The result was amazing when the patient recovered and left the hospital in good condition after a month.

The Dean of the Faculty of Medicine at King Khalid University Dr. Abdullah Asiri informed that the fungi belonged to "Telitiobss" which are dimorphic fungus and also classified in Exobasidiomycetes category which is characterized by the composition of blastoconidia, and without the formation of bud cells. The discovery of this fungus was in 1930 by a scientist called Dexter.

The team mentioned that the case that was displayed was serious and those pests and leaks in the chest were considered fatal, but thanks to God, the child had received the medication accurately and timely. The team also praised the wide horizon in the diagnosis and multiple possibilities, were important processes, and not easy one, needed the cooperation of medical teams and specialized laboratory analysis.

In recent years, the detection and diagnosis of Fungus in clinical samples as pathogens have increased due to the evolution in diagnostic techniques. High demand and the multiplicity of applications in the medical centers and academic institutions have led to the emergence of molecular analysis. In return, this has led to the emergence of, and development in, the important changes of fungus classification. Moreover, this has led to significant results such as the redefinition of many types of fungi and many other microbes, in addition to identifying new types as in the case of the fungi which was identified in this study. The study is being published in the Annals of Saudi Medicine.

Rare case in the Middle East.
المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

A number of Medical and Pharmacy students of King Khalid University have, in collaboration with Positiveness Volunteering Group, carried out a voluntary campaign called "Sclerotic, there is hope." The event was sponsored by King Faisal Medical city in Asir in conjunction with Biogen and G. Pharm companies. The campaign was directed to Sclerosis patients and its aim is to raise awareness in the society, of the disease and its symptoms, and how to deal with it, and how to live with the patients suffering from it.

Multiple Sclerosis is known as the most common neurological diseases worldwide. It affects the Central Nervous System. In such situations, it leads to slowness in signals transmission between nerve cells because of its effect on Myelin sheath.

The campaign targeted a group of people aged 18 to 45, with more prevalence in females. The causes of the Multiple Sclerosis diseases have not been discovered yet, but it is defined as autoimmune, where the immune system begins to attack Myelin sheath, and this leads to its inflammation. Such inflammation results in bad activity to the immune system due to genetic factors interaction, or environmental factors, in addition to other factors being studied, such as a change in body hormones and environmental pollution.

In two days, the campaign targeted multiple sclerosis patients and their families in particular. The first day was in Abha Palace Hotel. The patients and their families were invited to spend a full day with the volunteers to discuss how to deal with the disease and to educate them through presenting experiences of some patients who have taken hope as a path from which they drew success in fighting against this disease. The second day, which was held in Asir Mall witnessed an intensive community awareness highlights of the disease through establishing introductory exhibition, including several stops such as diagnosis corner, awareness corner, in addition to consulting corner.

The Supervisor of the campaign, a Neurosurgery consultant at King Khalid University, Dr. Fawzi Babtain explained that the global campaign was not only directed to patients and their families, but also targeting the public in order to educate them about the disease. He further explain the causes and symptoms of the disease, with an explanation of preventive methods. The Campaign also provided assistance to all, in understanding the disease and in living with it. Dr. Babtain said, "This Disease is widespread, but we are trying to increase awareness of the community through carrying out such campaigns, which will help to the fullest." About the environment of the disease, Dr. Babtain confirmed that 'the disease is usually genetic, not contagious'. Regarding proper treatment, the Consultant explained that 'there is still no drug that eliminates the disease, but there are drugs that could control the activities of the disease at a considerable rate'.

It is noteworthy that the discovery of the treatment of the disease began in 1993 AD, the time saw the control level of the disease reaching 35%. In the last two years, a new treatment has been discovered which could control the disease to up to 80%. This improvement indicates a great and significant development in the treatment of the disease in an effective way. 

 
 
 
 
المصدر: 
Media-Center

King Khalid University (KKU) represented by Dentistry Collage has offered a medical services for an estimated number of patients reaching nearly forty thousand (40,000) patients and follow up in male department clinics at KKU.

Also more than five thousand (5,000)  female patients and follow up received treatment in Al Assamir department of  KKU. All these patients (nearly 106.850) have been treated with conventional high quality and professional standard care in this field.

By this process, KKU is looking forward to decrease the pressure on Ministry of health facilities as well as and to save time for patients and for all those in need of service in this area. Also to accelerate the process of treating citizens under specialists and consultants supervision from deferent dentistry specializations, which are rare to be found all in one region. One of the most prominent ambitions  of dentistry collage to develop and promote mouth and teeth health care in Asir region.         

KKU is also looking forward to reinforce the principles of community partnership project in Asir region. In thius regard,  the KKU community will have the  responsibility, of developing local communities  that will be in charge of specific in the region, including its 16 provinces.

It is an ambitious project that aims at  offering medical, awareness and educational services. It also includes field researches that serve local targeted community such as  schools, in every provinces.

Dentistry Collage of KKU achievements have not  stopped by this; it also managed to graduate more than 302 dentists to achieve health revolution  to serve Asir health facilities in particular,  and to participate in national  development programs in general .

It is worth to mentioning that Dentistry Collage is distinguished by its assistance and development in infrastructure in the region, and by establishing high quality clinics and dentistry workshops in male and female departments.

The college  also   provides  international conventional technology in this field, where it has been established two hundred and five (205) male clinics and a hubndred and twenty one  (121) female clinics,  equipping  them with necessary  pre clinical training simulation workshops to improve students training  using the latest treatment methods,  thus contributing to develop specialized practical and medical abilities of region's work force .   

 

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