Conference

المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

Within the framework of the university's pavilion participating in the 7th International Conference on Higher Education, the Dean of Student Service at the University, Dr. Mari Al-Habbash, held a panel discussion on the working paper that will be presented at the conference. The worksheet entitled, " Governance in Saudi Universities: Modeling Vision 2030"

Dr. Mrei began the session by discussing how to transform Saudi universities from large schools to become strong houses of expertise so as to serve the future directions of the country, and thus achieve the vision of the Kingdom 2030. The session was attended by a number of the university's vice-presidents and deans.

He stressed that universities, if they want to play their real role, have to follow governance in which they enjoy independence in intellectual, financial, and administrative levels, citing the presentation of a number of experiments in American and British universities, in addition to other private universities.

During the session, a model was presented on activating governance to identify its characteristics and obstacles that may hinder the activation of this administrative form.

It is noteworthy that the King Khalid University has a center for corporate governance which is specialized in the fields of research and studies, consulting, training and classification. This center enjoys independence in technical, administrative, and financial fields. It is also affiliated to the Rector's directly and was established by the resolution of the Council of Higher Education No. 21 \ 47 \ 14 at its 47th meeting held on 27 \ 8 \ 1428H, Royal approval No. 8626 \ MB at 27 \ 9 \ 1428 AH.

المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

At the conclusion of its sessions,

Media and terrorism Conference agrees on the draft of the Universal Declaration for Media and terrorism.

Today, the events of the Second International Conference on Media and Terrorism: means and strategies were concluded. The Conference was organized by King Khalid University (KKU), in Abha, Saudi Arabia, during the period from 7 to 9 of this month, under the auspices of the Minister of Education, His Excellency, Dr. Ahmed bin Mohammed Al-Issa. The closing ceremony of the occasion was attended by the General Director of police, Asir Region, Maj. Gen. Saleh bin Sulaiman Alqrzei, and security patrols commander, Colonel Ali Waaqidi, in addition to a number of security leaders in the region.

The Rector, of King Khalid University, who is also the General Supervisor of the Conference, His Excellency Prof. Faleh bin Rajaa Allah Al Solamy, said, "It is obvious that media is witnessing evolution and a breadth on its activities. This shouldered the university an important role on how to invest in media, and use it in a meaningful way that would serve national issues. We hope specialized sections in universities will address the current issues and activate the role of the media in protecting generations from the evils of misleading ideas and destructive trends. It is time for these specialized departments to prepare experts who are capable of carrying out this responsibility. Terrorism has become a global phenomenon, and the world has become - due to the media evolution - a small village where the terrorists wander freely through the media. It is a community duty for universities too". 

The conference has continued its activities over three days to hold synchronous scientific sessions, which were attended by a number of experts, in addition to the participation of many researchers and those interested in the topic of the conference, as well as a number of graduates of media studies in Saudi universities, and the students of media and communications department at King Khalid University.

At the end of the conference, the participants raise their thanks and appreciation to the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdul Aziz al Saud, for his approval to organize the conference, and for his continued support to educational institutions and universities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). They also thanked the Crown Prince, His Royal Highness, Prince Mohammed bin Nayef bin Abdul Aziz, and the Deputy Crown Prince, His Royal Highness, Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz.

This conference was just a part of the unlimited support given to the Saudi universities, including the organization of great scientific events. Participants also raised thanks to the sponsor of the conference, the Minister of Education, His Excellency Dr. Ahmed bin Mohammed Al-Issa, for his patronage, and for his appreciation of these initiatives and follow-up to the tireless activities of the conference, which reflected positively on the effective and productive scientific and research environment during the sessions of the conference.

Participants at the conference also expressed their gratitude to the Rector of King Khalid University, His Excellency, Prof. Faleh bin Rajaa Allah Al Solamy, for hosting this important conference, and for the warm reception and generous hospitality accorded the participants.

Participants at the Second International Conference on Media and terrorism have provided the following recommendations:

1. To approve the draft of the Universal Declaration for Media and terrorism, and participants' proposal to name it Abha Universal Declaration of Media and terrorism.

2. Lifting this announcement to King Khalid University to take appropriate action to complete the grounds and procedures for the adoption of this declaration.

3. To support the establishment of a national observatory for terrorism cases in the media. This observatory is mandated to monitor and analyze media treatments to the issues of extremism, violence and terrorism in all its forms, and issue periodic strategic reports in the service of the Saudi national decision.

4. Due to the importance of the subject of the International Conference - terrorism - the participants call for organizing of an international conference outside the KSA to make it a global conference.

5. Conducting an international comparison study to examine the relationship between the size of the media coverage in the international media, and social networks, and the growing phenomenon of terrorism in the past two decades, with the participation of researchers from different languages and cultures.

 

 

المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

In the framework of the Second International Conference on Media and Terrorism: means and strategies, which was organized by King Khalid University (KKU), the media and terrorist acts" session, which focused on analyzing the coverage of the world media for some terrorist acts and strategies for dealing with these acts, was held.

Dr. Metlak Saud Abdi Al Mutairi, from King Saud University, has mentioned, in a paper entitled: "The media practical of terrorism" that in November 2015, about 130 innocent people were killed in Paris by a group of terrorists, and the world media had full story coverage of that event. The coverage of that attack was deep and unprecedented compared with other terrorist attacks. Few hours before the Parisian attack, terrorism scooped dozens of civilians in Beirut and Baghdad. Many observers were shocked, not only because of the synchronization of the attacks but also by the contrast of media attention to these attacks. Dr. Al Mutairi explained that that study employed analysis based on quantitative framing of the content that was produced by the world media to show how media institutions cover terrorist attacks with a higher frequency and with deeper analysis of the events in the Western countries than in other parts of the world.

In turn, Dr. Abdul Hafeez Ouosukan, from the University Of Oran, Algeria, presented a paper entitled: French press treatment of terrorism. Dr. Ouosukan suggested exposure to communicative activity in the media exceptional circumstances, launching from the French media coverage of the terroristic attacks of September 11, 2001 and the terrorist attacks which occurred in Paris in 2015 (Charlie Hebdo, Alpataklon hall). The academician pointed out that because of the suddenness of the acts, it was difficult for media institutions to adapt to the crisis because of their lack of critical and analytical distance necessary to approach the event. Because of Running after the scoop, and because of the competition among TV channels and daily newspapers, it became necessary to look for a new standard to define the media in conditions of crisis. The image has been transformed from the "indice" pointer to the event icon.

For his part, Dr. Faisal Farahi, from Quebec University in Canada, presented a paper entitled: Coverage of the Canadian media for terrorist operations..the attack on the Canadian Parliament building in the capital Ottawa as a model. In his study, Dr. Faisal Farahi insisted on the need for the revision of the methods and techniques used by the Canadian media to cover events related to terrorism because it has a direct impact on Muslims living in Canada and on the Canadian society in general. 

المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

Within the sessions of the International Conference on Media and terrorism at King Khalid University,

International news channels frameworks in covering terrorism 

The sessions of the second International Conference on media and terrorism: means and strategies, which were hosted by King Khalid University (KKU), during the period from 7 to 9 this month, a session entitled: Frameworks cover international news channels for terrorism, was led by Prof. Muhammad Alehizan.

The session began with a paper entitled: factors affecting the footage material, photographs of the terrorist organizations in the websites of Arabic TV channels, practical Study on Al Jazerah and Al Arabia websites. The research was presented by Dr. Ahmed Mustafa Kamel Al-Sabri, from Al Jazerah University in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Dr. Al Sabri said, "The internet has enabled terrorist organizations to own media outlets without restrictions, and through which they could transmit many photos, footage materials, and documents, as confirmed by many studies." He added, "The danger is not represented only in the publication of these organizations of images and footage materials, but also in the Arab media which respond to that footage material by re-publishing, which may contribute to the spread of the idea of terrorism itself, in addition to influencing and incitement through the free propaganda for these materials"

After that, there was another study provided by Dr. Amira Mustafa Ahmed Mohamed Al batrek, from the Gulf University in Bahrain. The topic of the study was about media treatment of the crimes of radical terrorist organizations on the Syrian territory in Russia Today (RT) channel for Arabs. This study sought to monitor media treatment frameworks, and how Russia Today channel evaluates the developments of the Syrian crisis in light of the escalating terrorist operations on Syrian land.

Then, there was a study entitled: media treatment of the phenomenon of terrorism across the Arab portals - Arabia Net website as an example. The study was presented by Dr. Bahaa Eddin Ali Bashir Hamid, from the University of Modern Science in Dubai. This study sought to target the basic goal emanating from its main question: how Arab portals deal with the phenomenon of terrorism, their effectiveness and their methods, and whether they are different from other media methods in handling the phenomenon of terrorism.

Dr. Sa'ed Boualem Sa'ed, from the media and communications department of King Khalid University, presented a research titled: media treatment requirements for terrorist acts survey for channels of France 24, Al-Arabiya, and Algerian television. Dr. Boualem said, "The terrorist acts have bad shock, not only in society but also in the media and ways of dealing with those terrorist acts. Media - at first glance – is trapped by terrorist organizations through the media's provision of a free service to such terroristic organizations by announcing the news of the attacks and results. Thus, some media - especially the heavy ones - have started to change the treatment pattern of news they receive. They have adopted a style of opacity to some terrorist acts, for economic, political, and even touristic purposes in some cases. This style is not limited to the treatment of the news related to the Arab and Muslim world but has spread to Europe and Asia.

المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

Within the sessions of media and terrorism conference,

Discussion on the role of social media in confronting terrorism and extremism.

The sessions of the Second International Conference titled "Media and Terrorism: means and strategies", which was hosted by King Khalid University (KKU), during the period from 7 to 9 of this month, had many studies and research that focused on the role of social media in confronting terrorism and extremism.

Dr. Ben Essa Aslon, from the Higher Institute of Media and Communication in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco, presented a study entitled "propaganda of extremism and terrorism across social networks platforms." Dr.Aslon said that the social networks, in some ways, supported terrorist works, and helped in the spreading of their works. Dr. Aslon explained that ease of use to social networks represented a fertile condition that the organizations and terrorist groups could use to infiltrate and to globalize their bloody crimes. This could happen through marketing their ideologies. According to scholars, attracting and recruitment operations rely on social networks, and is according to a well-planned methodology that is based on emotional impact techniques, by provoking emotion using the name of religion, and the argument of defending the sacred values. Terrorist groups also depend on the style of titillation for the young people who use social networks and who are frustrated and desperate.

For his part, Dr. Hassan Omar Basfer, from King Abdul-Aziz University, presented a study on the impact of the means of the new digital media in the dissemination and formation of University students' culture to fight terrorism. This study aimed to identify the perception of Saudi students at King Abdul-Aziz University towards the effect of the role of the means of the new digital media (YouTube, Twitter, WhatsApp, Instagram, and Facebook) in the dissemination and formation of university students' communicative, awareness, and media culture, to fight terrorism.

المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

The second day of the Conference on Media and terrorism reveals,

80% of those who belonged to the terrorist organizations have been recruited through social networks;

The second international conference titled "Media and Terrorism: means and strategies", which is being organized by King Khalid University (KKU), during the period from 7 to 9 of this month, has continued its activities by holding a number of sessions.

The second day of the conference witnessed a session about recruitment strategy and followers industry. Dr. Guido weld Mahfouz, from the University of Nouakchott Mauritania, opened the session with a paper titled "terrorist groups exploitation of social networks to recruit young people and to promote their ideas; Face book and Twitter as two models"

The study aimed to identify the most important social networks used by terrorist groups to recruit young people and promote their ideas, as well as to stand on the fact of the ideas that are promoted through these sites.

Also, the study sought to identify the targeted youth groups, mainly by these terrorist groups, to draw attention to the multiple risks resulting from the use of social networks, to refrain from communicating with terrorist groups, and not to listen to ideas that promote them. As a result, the study presents a set of recommendations that can contribute in disrupting the operations of terrorist groups.

The study further pointed out that some recent studies have confirmed that 80% of those who belonged to terrorist organizations, such as ISIS (the Islamic State of Syria and Iraq), were recruited through the means of social communication, and that the number websites that belong to global terror groups has reached 50,000 sites in 2016, compared to the 12 websites in 1997.

المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

For the first time in the history of Arab conferences,

18 students are rapporteurs for the sessions of "media and terrorism" conference.

More than 50 students in number are participating in the organizing committees of the activities of the Second Conference of the media and terrorism, which is being organized by King Khalid University (KKU), represented by the media and communication department, taking place from 7th to 9th of the current month.

In a related context, and in an unprecedented step in Saudi Arabia, and in Arab universities, the Scientific Committee has agreed on the participation of 18 students from the media and communication department, in the management of the sessions.

The Supervisor of Afaaq newspaper and Media Center, Dr. Ali Bin Shuweil Al-Qarni, has confirmed that the department always put special importance to the participation of its students at college's and university's various events. He said: "There is no doubt that the Second International Conference on Media and terrorism is a big and important event for the University, and there should be the involvement of all employees of the department in various committees and activities of the conference." Dr. Al Qarni added that the involvement of a number of male and female students in the various committees (scientific, media and public relations, the Committee of Support Services, and the accompanying exhibition), came in order to equip them - the students - with professional experience in organization, and to raise the level of specialized knowledge in the field of conference to the students". He disclosed that the Scientific Committee had involved 9 male students and a similar number of female students in the conference as rapporteurs for the conference sessions, in an unprecedented step in Saudi Arabia and in Arab universities. He stated that the aim was to provide them with specialized experience in those types of sessions and in the field of conferences as well.

المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

On the sidelines of the Second International Conference on Media and Terrorism (methods and strategies), which is being organized by King Khalid University (KKU), represented by the media and communication department, during the period 7 to 9 of this month, two accompanying exhibitions were held. The first exhibit included fine art paintings and cartoons. The second came under the title "efforts of Saudi Arabia in fighting against terrorism"

The exhibition of fine art paintings and cartoons came under the name of 'caricature defeating terrorism'. This exhibition contained posts of the most prominent cartoonists in Saudi newspapers. The number of posts reached 14 panels and 21 paintings. In addition, a number of actors participated with awareness pavilions, most notably was the pavilion of the Ministry of the Interior, the Saudi Press Agency (SPA), in addition to the participation of the security snapchat with a private pavilion at the show.

Regarding the other exhibition, it offered 40 panels on "the Kingdom's efforts in the fight against terrorism", in which the most prominent photographs of the kingdom and its leaders, government and military sectors in the fight against terrorism were displayed.

For his part, the supervisor of the exhibition, who is also a member of the Organizing Committee, Mr. Hassan Awagi, has confirmed that the exhibition organizers had worked to exploit art to fight terrorism, pointing out that the artist's feather and the photographer's camera were better than a thousand words. He further emphasized that art in general, had its impact on the individual and on the society, and "it reflects our world's culture and development".

It is noteworthy that the second exhibition was held in collaboration between King Khalid University and the Saudi News Agency (SPA).

المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

The total number of participants in the "Media and terrorism: means and strategies" conference, which is being organized by King Khalid University (KKU), has reached more than 100 dignities from within and from outside the Kingdom. The Conference has launched its activities on the last Tuesday and will it last for three days, in the presence of a large number of students of the King Khalid University, media professionals, and those interested parties.

Male and female researchers from the KSA and from around the world have participated in the conference, including more than 20 researchers on issues of terrorism at local, regional and international arenas. These researches came from inside and from outside the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The participants provided worksheets and research about media and terrorism, intellectual extremism, and on the ways to combat it, because terrorism and violence are recently considered a threat and a social problem in the region, as well as in the whole world, a problem that has its negative economic, social, political, and educational risks.

The Scientific Committee of the Second International Conference has completed all of its work, including the adoption of the conference book that contains all the abstracts and biographies of the participants, as well as the adoption of the program of meetings, where the conference includes 19 concurrent sessions. The Committee also has chosen the heads of the sessions who are participating in the conference.

المصدر: 
King Khalid University, Media Center

The sessions of the second international conference, media and terrorism: the means and strategies, which is being hosted by King Khalid University, during the period from 7 to 9 of this month, have presented many research papers. The first paper is titled "general framework to confront extremism and terrorism." It was presented by the Secretary - General of the King Abdullah Global Center for Dialogue among Followers of Religions and Cultures, who is also the Secretary-General of the King Abdul Aziz Center for National dialogue, His Excellency, Mr. Faisal bin Abdurrahman bin Muammar. In his presentation, Mr. Muammar said that terroristic thoughts and its symbols exploit religious texts inappropriately for the dissemination of extremist ideas by simplifying very complicated religious and political issues. He added that by that simplification, holders of extremism ideology were enabling the mobilization of followers, especially from some categories of the society which have less education and culture. In contrast, the principle of dialogue is based on the recognition of the complexity and multiple dimensions of social and political problems and it seeks to uphold the principle of moderation by opening the door to cross-fertilization of ideas and opinions. Mr. Muammar explained that his scientific paper was intended to review the role of the principle of dialogue in the face of terrorism, through exposing the falsehood of intellectual perspectives of terroristic groups. The paper contained discussions on the postulates from which the principle of dialogue springs, in comparison with intellectual discourse for terroristic groups. He pointed out that the second part of the paper dealt with the role of dialogue, whether at the local or at international level, in the face of calls for extremism and violence, based on the actual experiences of the King Abdul-Aziz Center for National Dialogue, and King Abdullah Global Center for Dialogue among Followers of Religions and Cultures. The paper concluded with concluding remarks about the role of dialogue in the face of calls for extremism and terrorism in traditional and new media methods.

For his part, a media and the academic advisor, Dr. Hamza bin Ahmed Bayt Al-Mal, provided a worksheet titled "conceptual framework of the Kingdom's efforts in the face of the thought of extremism and terrorism: the statue of intellectual and media efforts." In his worksheet, Dr. Hamza clarified that the vast efforts of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to confront the ideology of extremism and terrorism have been launched after the events of September 2001, being the most prominent global event which put the Kingdom at the center of world events. Dr. Bayt Al-Mal stressed that it was clear from the onset that it was very dangerous, and that treatments must take multiple paths: first to determine the reasons, and then move them to treatment programs and, secondly, to rebuild the image and the global reputation of the Kingdom, which was destroyed by the events. He explained that that study sought to provide a descriptive summary of the state of intellectual and media treatments in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), through a conceptual framework that illustrates the general direction to deal with the thought of extremism and terrorism. This framework includes a set of efforts in multiple areas: legislative, judicial, executive, financial, security, as well as intellectual and media efforts - subject of this paper. As an important step to building a conceptual framework. That requires an explanation of the components of the conceptual framework and its components, and it explains each component and treatment strategies. The paper showed that there are multiple efforts, but they lacked follow-up and scientific studies to assess the situation, in particular, intellectual and scientific, and media efforts. It was also noted that the majority of the treatment efforts were limited to intellectual legitimacy, neglecting the rest of treatment aspects, in addition to the lack of applied studies, weaknesses, and poor quality, and that most of them were made at scientific conferences or in academic dissertations.

With regard to media efforts, Dr. Hamza explained that they often cover the events. Unfortunately, these efforts were deflected to increase internal ideological dispute over the ideology of extremism and terrorism groups, except some efforts on radio and television, such as allocating specific programs, for example the program "our concerns", which was the only program that gave many of the entrances to the intellectual treatments and in particular that it was hosting some young people who were involved in terroristic acts. There were also some dramas, whether by allocating one of its episodes for terrorism or an episode in a drama series.

Dr. Hamza indicated that on the side of the means of social networks, it was observed that there were not specialized accounts, except "Sakena" campaign in the KSA, which was managed by specialists, and which applies methods that outweigh extremist groups methods; first to protect young people from falling into the clutches of ideological extremism, and secondly to debunk what was promoted by these organizations (following the footprints of "Sawap" center in the United Arab Emirates to fight Daish  in Twitter).

Next was the turn of, Dr. Sean Bowers and Nagham Al Karhili from the University of Virginia State, who submitted a worksheet entitled "Bridging or expanding the gap: Islamic civil society's curricula in building social resilience and the fight against violent extremism." In their worksheet, the two researchers said that over the last decade, the strategy of preventing global violent extremism has made concrete efforts to stop recruiting Muslims, in order to create a civil society of Muslims. Since then, the idea of the involvement initiative of the Muslim community appeared to be strengthening the silent majority. The two researchers stressed that a research study conducted by the prevention of violent extremism campaign in Britain in 2011 made it clear that there are attempts being made to incite hostility against Muslim communities to isolate them, which is the same as the findings of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in a review of the initiative in 2014. The two researchers further discussed the role of religion in international affairs, by examining the role of non-governmental organizations that focus on Muslims development in metamorphic areas affected by conflict, because such networks represent the core components of the initiative of combating violent extremism and stability in post-conflict situations, whether in the short, medium or long term.

The scientific paper depended on 30 interviews with representatives of Islamic civil society organizations and representatives of the Global Initiative; and explained that in spite of the slack that hit the central role played by Islamic non-governmental organizations in terms of governance, policy makers and representatives should view them as an untapped source, not only in the global war on extremism, but in the post-conflict strategies. The study showed how those Islamic organizations with a moderate attention and with an effective media training, could show their humanitarian core successes subjected to the same people who had been a prey to extremists. The scientific paper concluded by showing how these strategic stories can be effective in challenging the ideological ideas.

After that, Prof. Muhammad Mukhtar, from Technology Mara University, in Malaysia, presented a worksheet, titled "Confronting terrorism through religious, cultural, legal and ethical values." In his worksheet, prof. Mukhtar mentioned extremists' methods to achieve political, religious and ideological agendas. He stressed that he and other concerned people felt sorry about civilians who were easy targets for terrorists. Prof. Mukhtar also clarified that the terrorists thought that they were above the law, so they were not working under a moral or legal framework, such as is the case with the regular army. In that case, the size of the atrocities they commit was worse than that committed by ordinary criminals. He further explained that terrorists use religion as a tool in the market of ignorance to commit the most heinous crimes in the name of religion; the terrorists design programs to attract criminals. So, there is a need for a tool or a program that could overcome their programs, and here lies the role of the law, which has proved globally as an effective way to overcome terrorism if it was linked to morality. The researcher pointed out that the history of wars in the most virulent wars took into account morality in spite of differences; civilization could easily be driven by extremist ideas, if not control, which leads to prosperity in extremist ideas.

Regarding solutions, Dr. Hamza has stated that the best solution was to combine the efforts of religion, civilization, law, and ethics, to fight terrorism elements. Here, the media is a prime component to achieve this requirement because it can be harnessed whether as means for or against such efforts that are in the fight against terrorism. He stressed that if media was misused, it would create more terrorists. In contrary, if media was used effectively, that would reduce their - the extremists -number.

At the end of the second session, Dr. Amna Sultana, from Al Haj Lakhdar University, presented a worksheet about the role of administrative measures and actions in the fight against terrorism - Study the experience of Algeria and Saudi Arabia. Dr. Lakhdar showed that most of the Arab legislation, including the Algerian and Saudi Arabian legislation, talked about the importance of prevention of terrorism in the communities as a continual process that have priority to the development and upgrade of community activities.

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